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Also extant in Syriac is the Book of the Laws of Diverse Countries, a dialogue on fate in various different versions, accounts of Bardesanes’ cosmological ideas. W. Cureton, “Bardaisan – The Book of the Laws of Countries”, in Spicilegium syriacum, A. Merx, Bardesanes von Edessa nebst einer Untersuchung über das. Owing to political disturbances in Edessa, Bardesanes and his parents moved for of Ani in Armenia and tried to spread the Gospel there, but with little success.

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And know ye distinctly that, whenever Nature is disturbed ogspel its right course, its disturbance is from the The Right and Left. After six thousand years this earth shall have an end, and a world without evil shall take its place.

Bardesanes’ catechism must have been a strange mixture of Christian doctrine and references to the signs of the Zodiac.


The first three are as follows, in Hort’s B translation: Introduction Bardesanew translationbased on a new reproduction of the manuscript collated by E. Owing to political disturbances in EdessaBardesanes and his parents moved for a while to Hierapolis Mabuga strong centre of paganism.

It is disputed whether the original was in Syriac or in Greek; Nau is decided and rightly in favour of the former. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. Nature ordains that old men should be judges for the young, and wise for the foolish; and that the valiant should be chiefs over the weak, and the brave over the timid. He sang of the “wedding garment,” the “robe of initiation,” so beautifully described in the opening yospel of the Pistis Sophia. His acceptance of Christianity was perfectly sincere; and later stories, that he left the Roman Church and joined the Valentinian Gnostics out of disappointed ambition, do not deserve much credit.


Fragments of a Faith Forgotten: The Gnosis According to its Foes: Bardesanes

Though he was urged by a friend of Caracalla to apostatizeBardesanes stood firm, gpspel that he feared not death, as he would in any event have to gospwl it, even though he should now submit to the emperor. Though the gos;el of this statement is not quite above suspicion, it probably has a foundation in fact. In all of them the light has to overcome the darkness.

Bardesanes At a Glance. Excerpts of this work are extant in Greek in Euseb. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Of the temper of this saint when combatting a dead man who had done him no injury, and who had been so loved and admired by all who knew him, we may judge by the epithets he applied to Bardesanes, who he avers died “with the Lord in his mouth, and demons in his heart.

On account of his foreign extraction he is sometimes referred to as “the Parthian” by Julius Africanusor “the Babylonian ” by Porphyrius ; and, on account of his later important activity in Armenia”the Armenian”, by Hippolytus.

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Lf author, however, is not Bardesanes but his disciple Philip, although Bardesanes is the chief speaker in the dialogue, who answers the questions and problems of his followers regarding the characters of men and the position of the stars. And that everything is not in our own Free-will, that is that Free-will is not absolute, is plainly visible in everyday experience. Misled by the fact goslel “spirit” is feminine in Syriac, he seems to have held erroneous views on the Trinity.

Nature has gospe do with body, Fate or Fortune with soul, and Free-will with spirit. Whether this Antoninus is merely a friend of Bardesanes or a Roman emperor and, in the latter case, which of the Antonini is meant, is matter of controversy.


Julius Africanus says that he saw Bardesanes, with bow and arrow, mark the outline of a boy’s face with his arrows on a shield which the boy held.

Bardaisan |

He died at the age of bardesands, either at Ani or at Edessa. Newsletters Sign Up Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers.

He was also a Docetist, as he denied Christ’s birth of a woman. God endowed man with freedom of will to work out his salvation. Never Miss any Updates! All things, even those we now consider inanimate, have a measure of liberty. Gorgias Press,p. Ephrem composed hymns in the same pentasyllabic metre and had them sung to the same tunes as the psalms of Bardesanes, these latter gradually lost favour.

A certain Marinus, a follower of Bardesanes, is refuted in the or of Adamantius”.

This work tells of the discovery by Renan of B. From the fact that the same laws customs, and manners often prevail amongst bardesajes persons living in a certain district, or, though locally scattered, living under the same traditions, Bardesanes endeavours to show that the position of the stars at the birth of individuals can have but little to do with their subsequent conduct.

He was clearly no ascetic, but dressed in Oriental finery “with berylls and caftan”, according to St. Bardesanes’s son Harmonius strayed farther from the path of orthodoxy. Ephrem’s zealous efforts to suppress this powerful heresy were not entirely successful.

Edessa was a metropolis of Osroene. But the Samanaeans are elected, and consist of those who wish to possess divine knowledge.