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Gnosticism is a modern name for a variety of ancient religious ideas and systems, originating in “Voorwoord”, in Pagels, Elaine, De Gnostische Evangelien, Servire; Quispel, Gilles (), “Gnosticism: Gnosticism from its origins to the. Puech, H.-Ch. “Gnostische Evangelien und verwandte Dokumente,” Neutestamentliche Apokryphen in deutscher Übersetzung, I. Band: Evangelien ( E. Puech, H.-Ch. “Gnostische Evangelien und verwandte Dokumente.” In: E. Hennecke & W. Schneemelcher (eds.), Neutestamentliche Apokryphen in.

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By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Manicheanism inherits this dualistic mythology from Zurvanist Zoroastrianism[] in which the eternal spirit Ahura Mazda is opposed by his antithesis, Angra Mainyu. The Basilidians or Basilideans were founded by Basilides of Alexandria in the second century.

Gnosticism – Wikipedia

Jonas compares this alienation with the existentialist notion of geworfenheitbeing thrown into a hostile world. Contemporary scholarship largely agrees that Gnosticism has Jewish or Judeo-Christian origins, originating in the late first century AD in nonrabbinical Jewish sects and early Christian sects.

Ask the seller a question. Retrieved 15 May What makes Biblio different? The notion of four rivers in heaven separating this world from the other, also appears frequently in Mandaean literature.

According to Petrement, Valentinus represented a moderation of the anti-Judaism of the earlier Hellenized teachers; the demiurge, widely regarded as a mythological depiction of the Old Testament God of the Hebrews, is depicted as more ignorant than evil.

Markschies, ChristolphGnosis: Add to wishlist E-mail a link to this book. The Cathars Cathari, Albigenses or Albigensians were also accused by their enemies of the traits of Gnosticism; though whether or not the Cathari possessed direct historical influence from ancient Gnosticism is disputed.

Journal of Higher Criticism. The heavenly pleroma is the center of divine life, a region of light “above” the term is not to be understood spatially our world, occupied by spiritual beings such as aeons eternal beings and sometimes archons.

Spiritual development Ego death Individuation Spiritual development Self-actualization. However the Gnostic light metaphorics and the idea of unity of existence still prevailed in later Islamic thought.


Manichaeism conceives gnnostische two coexistent realms of light and darkness that become embroiled in conflict. The Syrian—Egyptian traditions postulate a remote, supreme Godhead, the Monad.

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It continued to develop in the Mediterranean and Middle East before and during the 2nd and 3rd centuries, but decline also set in during the third century, due to a growing aversion from the Catholic Church, and the economic and cultural deterioration of the Roman Empire. Accordingly, Michel Weber has proposed a Gnostic interpretation of his late metaphysics.

The term “Gnosticism” does not appear in ancient sources, [8] [note 10] and was first coined in the 17th century by Henry More in a commentary on the seven letters of the Book of Revelationwhere More used the term “Gnosticisme” to describe the heresy in Thyatira. Log-in or create an account first! The study of Gnosticism and of early Alexandrian Christianity received a strong impetus from the discovery of the Coptic Nag Hammadi Library in Hans Jonas — took an intermediate approach, using both the comparative approach of the Religionsgeschichtliche Schule and the existentialist hermeneutics of Bultmann.

Contemporary scholarship largely agrees that Gnosticism has Jewish or Judeo-Christian origins; [20] this theses is most notably put forward by Gershom G. Valentinian Gnosticism may have been monistic rather than dualistic.

Magris, Aldo”Gnosticism: Hans Jonas discerned two main currents of Gnosticism, namely Syrian-Egyptian, and Persian, which includes Manicheanism and Mandaeanism. Diversity in early Christian theology. Initially, they were hard to distinguish from each evangellen. A New New Testament: Glossary Some terminology that may be used in this description includes: This “true” angel Christology took many forms and may have appeared as early as the late First Century, if indeed this is the view opposed in the early chapters of the Epistle to the Hebrews.

Gnosticism in modern times. Persian Gnosticism possesses more dualist tendencies, reflecting a strong influence from the beliefs of the Persian Zurvanist Zoroastrians.

dictionary :: Gnostische Evangelien :: German-English translation

The Thomasine Traditions refers to a group of texts which are attributed to the apostle Thomas. Williams, MichaelRethinking Gnosticism: Here, inManicheanism became the evangelirn religion of the Uyghur Empire.


It was in this milieu that the idea emerged that the world was created by ignorant angels. The adjective is not used in the New Testament, but Clement of Alexandria [note 3] speaks of the “learned” gnostikos Christian in complimentary terms.

Beliefs condemned as heretical by the Catholic Church. The Shepherd of Hermas is a Christian literary work considered as canonical scripture by some of the early Church fathers such as Irenaeus. Divine elements “fall” into the material realm, and are locked within human beings.

According to Mosheim, Jewish thought took Gnostic elements and used them against Greek philosophy. Sethianism was one of the main currents of Gnosticism during the 2nd to 3rd centuries, and the prototype of Gnosticism as condemned by Irenaeus.

Mystical experience Religious experience Spiritual practice. Valentinian Gnosticism is a form of monismexpressed in terms previously used in a dualistic manner.

In —41, Mani travelled to the Indo-Greek Kingdom of the Sakhas in modern-day Afghanistanwhere he studied Hinduism and its various extant philosophies.

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It is an inward “knowing”, comparable to that encouraged by Plotinus neoplatonismand differs from Christian proto-orthodox evangleien.

The Simonians were centered on Simon Magus, the magician baptised by Philip and rebuked evabgelien Peter in Acts 8, who became in early Christianity the archetypal false teacher. Advice to Clever Children.