Francis Fukuyama. Sfarsitul istoriei si ultimul om. Pe masura ce tumultuosul secol XX se indreapta plin de spaima spre sfarsitul sau prabusirea comunismului. Recenzia 1. Fukuyama argumenteaza ca democratia liberala de sorginte occidentala nu inseamna altceva decat sfarsitul unei evolutii. IN WATCHING the flow of events over the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history.
|Published (Last):||1 January 2009|
|PDF File Size:||1.28 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||3.33 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Tot binele si tot raul par sa vina de-acolo, dar despre rau nu se va vorbi nicicand in franciss oficiale. The End of History?
But the fading of these totalitarianisms, as the century comes to an end, invites us to raise this old question one more time. This is the central thesis of his work America at the Crossroads.
Retrieved August 16, But the former is explained by commercial motives and the latter is a vestige of earlier ideologically-based rivalries.
Modern liberalism itself was historically a consequence of the weakness of religiously-based societies which, failing to agree on the nature of the good life, could not provide even the minimal preconditions of peace and stability. And yet Fukuyama still uses a movement toward empirical observations, which he himself grants are imperfect and incomplete, to validate an idea that is purely idealistic and transcendent of any empirical reality or possibility.
Recenzie [Sfarsitul Istoriei – Francis Fukuyama]
Recognition is the central problem of politics because it is the origin of tyranny, imperialism, and the desire to dominate. Farrar Straus Giroux Anul aparitiei: Omul contemporan triete astzi ntr-un sistem de libertate supravegheat, mai puin brutal dect al cenzurii directe, dar mult mai eficient.
In the first of a major two-volume work, Fukuyama, author of the bestselling “The End of History and the Last Man,” provides a sweeping account of how today’s basic political institutions developed. Fukuyama began to distance himself from the neoconservative agenda of the Bush administrationciting its excessive militarism and embrace of unilateral armed intervention, particularly in the Middle East.
Developing nations Governance International political economy Nation-building and democratization Strategic and security issues. If contemporary constitutional government has indeed found a formula whereby all are recognised in a way that nonetheless avoids the emergence of tyranny, then it would indeed have a special claim to stability and longevity among the regimes that have emerged on earth.
Even the former socialist regime in Burma, which for so many decades existed in dismal isolation from the larger trends dominating Asia, was buffeted in the past year by pressures to liberalize both its economy and political system. Indeed, if the bulk of the present economic reform proposals were put into effect, it is hard to know how the Soviet economy would be more socialist than those of other Western countries with large public sectors.
Retrieved March 9, Autorul este influentat de interpretarea pe care Alexandre Kojeve o practica asupra unor scrieri hegeliene despre istorie.
Why did this happen? Pe de alta parte, in urma conflictului ideologic Est-Vest, ideologia dominanta a invins ridicand Cortina de Fier, insa acest lucru nu va dura foarte mult, vechiul conflict urmand a fi inlocuit cu altul – cultural sau civilizational Huntington.
It has been argued that he might even be a Neoconservative on some points but this has been firmly shot down by him and his use of “ideal” systems which is firmly denounced by many Anarcho-Capitalists of the same rote who believe that no government can be good.
The past year has seen a flood of articles commemorating the end of the Cold War, and the fact that “peace” seems to be breaking out in many regions of the world. Fukuyama predicted the eventual global triumph of political and economic liberalism:. Therefore, Marxists like Perry Anderson have been among Fukuyama’s fiercest critics.
That is, the end point of mankind’s ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government. Best-selling authors such as David Kennedy, Niall Ferguson, Robert Kagan, Francis Fukuyama, and Samantha Power address such issues as how the US can regain its respect in the world, francls to the biggest threats now facing the country, identify reasonable foreign policy goals, manage the growing debt burden, achieve greater national security, and successfully engage a host of other problems left unsolved and in many cases exacerbated by the Bush Doctrine.
For it is possible to understand the problem of politics over the millennia of human history as the effort to solve the problem of recognition. Ideology in this sense is not restricted to the secular and explicit political doctrines we usually associate with the cukuyama, but can include religion, culture, and the complex of moral values underlying any society as well.
There are, of course, a number of fatal flaws in the current implementation of the reform, most notably the absence of a thoroughgoing price reform. Bush after the September 11, attacks that suggested the U.
The end of history was never an automatic procedure, Fukuyama argues, and the well-governed polity was always its necessary precondition.
But let us focus for the time being on the larger and more developed states of the world who after all account for the greater part of world frwncis.
The End of History. Francis Fukuyama ()
De sub toate aceste stimulente, omul de azi iese tulburat de-peizat, virtualizat. Fukuyama was the Omer L. Encyclopedia of World Biography. He wrote that, while liberal democracy still had no real competition from more authoritarian systems of government frqncis the realm of ideas”, nevertheless he was less idealistic than he had been “during the heady days of One is inclined to say that the revival of religion in some way attests to a istoroei unhappiness with the impersonality and spiritual vacuity of liberal consumerist societies.
ChicagoIllinoisU. But the problem is no longer a conceptual one: America la rascruce – Democratia, puterea si mostenirea neoconservatoare. To take the “neo-realist” theory seriously, one would have to believe that “natural” competitive behavior would reassert itself among the OECD states were Russia and China to disappear from the face of the earth.
In addition, it badly misjudged the global reaction to its exercise of “benevolent hegemony. America at sfaraitul Crossroads: Imaginile pe care le privete la televizor omul contemporan sunt realizate dup un model greu de perceput.
According to Derrida, Fukuyama—and the quick celebrity of his book—is but one symptom of crancis anxiety to ensure the “death of Marx”.
He traces what we know–and more often don’t know–about how to transfer functioning public institutions to developing countries in ways that will leave something of permanent benefit to the citizens of the countries concerned.
Does not the satisfaction of certain human beings depend on recognition that is inherently unequal? The Soviet reform, for example, was motivated in good measure by Moscow’s sense of insecurity in the fu,uyama realm. It is hard to imagine a more disastrous presidency than that of George W. But is it true? Aceasta deoarece, in primul rand, tehnologia confera avantaje militare celor care o detin, dar si datorita posibilitatii existenei in continuare a razboiului in cadrul sistemului international.
Gorbachev has finally permitted people to say what they had privately understood for many years, namely, scarsitul the magical incantations of Marxism-Leninism were nonsense, that Soviet socialism was not superior to the West in any respect but was in fact a monumental failure. ietoriei
Yet the pull of the liberal idea continues to be very strong as economic power devolves and the economy becomes more open to the outside world. Such a prospect is, of course, ludicrous: