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Eliminating an item with a negative corrected item-total correlation and two more Lonetto and Templer [4] defined death anxiety as an individual’s . una muestra de estudiantes a tres escalas de ansiedad ante la muerte y. Concurrent and divergent validity of the Spanish form of Templer’s Death Escala de Ansiedad ante la Muerte (Death Anxiety Scale: DAS). de Templer [6]. PDF | On Jan 1, , JoaquĆ­n T. Limonero and others published Ansiedad ante la muerte. [Death anxiety].

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Abdel-Khalek A, Ansievad D. Discriminant validity was documented. Their disadvantage is that they do not permit the identification and distinction of specific elements involved in fears of death. Also, measuring this construct in the health construct is relevant because the meaning of death entails a certain denial and evasion in our society, which includes health professionals Fear; Death; Scales; Reliability; Validity.

All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Univariate analysis of the Fear of death variables reflects a trend near the normal curve.

Validation of Collett-Lester’s Fear of Death Scale in a sample of nursing students

The scale was changed to a four point Likert scale. In Chile, some instrument have been used, but these do not display adequate reliability and do not measure the death phenomenon as a state and, in turn, as a process, in a multidimensional way Finally, the results provide evidence of the possible impact the cultural differences between Spanish-speaking nations and generations have on the psychometric properties of the scale Keywords: The fear of death end the fear of dying.

Death ansiety as related to somatic symptoms in two cultures. Colell R, Limonero G. J Med Biomed Sci. Collett L, Ansiedda D. Evolution of a research program. Nevertheless, the study limitations should be taken into account.

Sub-scale 3 Death of others displays a low correlation of 0. These results permit guaranteeing that the items or elements are homogeneous and that the four sub-scales consistently measure the characteristic they were elaborated for. Actitud del profesional de enfermeria ante la muerte de los pacientes. Multidimensionality is confirmed although, in this population, the notion of fear of death entails an additional perspective, which comprises two sub-components that are interesting for research purposes, which are the physical and psychological dimension of fear of one’s own death and fear of one’s own dying process.


The principal component analysis with varimax rotation, applied to the data from both samples elderly adults and undergraduate studentsyielded 3 factors for each group.

Thus, four sub-scales were distinguished: Variables relacionadas con la ansiedad ante la muerte. The highest score per sub-scale corresponded to the fear of other people’s death Table 1.

Lester D, Abdel-Khalek A. Its analysis through factor analysis, in this population, partially coincides with the hypothesis based on the items’ content. Going back to Table 2for the four sub-scales, each of the seven elements is positively correlated fe the respective sub-scale. For the same reason, a trend exists to use well-validated and multidimensional scales. The author justifies the range of results found regarding factor structure in this final investigation, due to the correlation that exists among the sub-scales, which in turn would give rise to an inter-element correlation that would create a bystander factor of factor loads Another study that also used the forced four-factor solution of PCA with varimax rotation equally shows significant loads like the factors in the previous study.

The availability of valid instruments addressing fears of death permit research that helps to visualize one construct and factor at a time, which is considered determinant for people’s end-of-life quality of care 6 and quality of life Factor analysis partially supports content validity of escaala subscale items, but presented a modified multidimensional structure that points towards the reconceptualization of ansievad subscales in this sample.

Inthose items in each sub-scale that did not contribute to the significance of Cronbach’s alpha were eliminted, resulting in a final item version 3. He concludes that consistent loads are observed for two factors, corresponding to “death of self” and “dying of self”.

In total, it contains 28 items, grouped in four sub-scales with seven items each. Therefore, the factor solution found based on this scale does not exclude the existence of other solutions in distinct samples.

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Content validity was checked by expert review; reliability was proven using Cronbach’s alpha; statistical analysis of the items, correlation between items and construct validity were checked by the correlation of the Scale with the Attitude toward death Scale. The convergence of the four sub-scales, in turn, offers a certain degree of support to the validity of the CLFODS dimensions.


Reliability was studied through internal consistency, using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. The Attitude Toward Death Scale ATD measures the favorable or unfavorable attitude towards death, designed with 43 Likert-type items ranging from 1 to 5. Finally, the results provide evidence of the possible impact the cultural differences between Spanish-speaking nations and generations have on the psychometric properties of the scale. Sub-scale 4 dying of others shows correlations that vary between more approximate levels, ranging from 0.

Espinoza M Sanhueza O. How to cite this article. The highest score corresponds to the most unfavorable attitude towards death This first factor revealed ponderations ranging from 0. For the latter analysis, a sample of students from the total sample was used.


The magnitude of the relation reflects that it measures similar constructs. Various authors have tried to replicate its factor structure using PCA and varimax rotation, finding different results. The statistics to validate the fear of death construct, evaluated through the four sub-scale that measure the fear of one’s own death, fear of one’s own dying process, fear of other people’s death and fear of other people’s dying process reflect relations that point towards the same direction between element pairs, and show each of the seven elements, its contribution to its respective sub-scale, confirming this characteristic, which had already been observed in other studies 3, On Death and Dying.

The correlation matrix, in turn, evidences that, in sub-scale 1: A sample of nursing students answered Fear of Death and Attitude toward death scales. The sub-scale “fear of one’s own death”, with a lower average score, shows greater oscillations 1. Relations in the same sense are reflected in a study involving nursing students and nurses, in which the scale correlation demonstrated discriminant validity through a strong association with the anxiety toward death scale than with general anxiety