On establishing universal peace in truth, justice, charity and liberty. To our venerable brothers the patriarchs, primates, archbishops, bishops and other local . Pacem in Terris, an encyclical written by Pope John XXIII. This is only a summary review. THE LIFE. Papa Giovanni XXIII Enciclica Pacem in Terris. BIRTH AND FIRST YEARS OF LIFE IN THE FAMILY · EDUCATION TO THE PRIESTHOOD.
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There are some souls, particularly endowed with generosity, who, on finding situations where the requirements of justice are not satisfied or not satisfied in full, feel enkindled with the desire to change the state of things, as if they wished to have recourse to something like a revolution.
Terrsi every ruler appointed by God? Therefore, Venerable Brothers and beloved children, human society must primarily be considered something pertaining to the spiritual.
Moreover, executive authorities must coordinate the activities of society with discretion, with a full knowledge of the law and after a careful consideration of circumstances, and the courts must administer justice impartially and without being influenced by favoritism or pressure.
The idea that men, by the fact of their appointment to public office, are compelled to lay aside their own humanity, is quite inconceivable Their very attainment to this high-ranking office was due to their exceptional gifts and intellectual qualities, which earned for them their reputation as outstanding representatives of ppacem body politic.
They derive, for the most part, from the consideration of man’s natural rights. They must be conscious that they are themselves playing the major role in their economic and social development; that they are themselves to shoulder the main burden of it. Thus any government which refused to recognize human rights or acted in violation of them, would not only fail in its duty; its decrees would be wholly lacking in binding force. It is therefore our ardent desire that the United Nations Organization — in its structure and in its means — may become ever more equal to the magnitude and nobility of its tasks, and may the time come as quickly as possible when every human being will find therein an effective safeguard for the rights which ;acem directly from his dignity as a person, and which are therefore universal, inviolable and inalienable rights.
Pacem in Terris – Viquipèdia, l’enciclopèdia lliure
It has inflamed passions, but never assuaged them. Peter’s, on Holy Thursday, the eleventh day of April, in the yearthe fifth of Our Pontificate. Therefore a human being also has the right to security in cases of sickness, inability to work, widowhood, old age, unemployment, or in any other case in which he is deprived of the means of subsistence through no fault of his own.
Such is nature’s categorical imperative for terrris preservation of man. It demands, too, that they be animated by such love as will make them feel the needs of others as their own, and induce them to share their teris with others, and to strive in the world to make encoclica men alike heirs to the noblest of intellectual and spiritual values.
Nor must one overlook the fact that whatever their ethnic background, men possess, besides ferris special characteristics which distinguish them from other men, other very important elements in common with the rest of mankind. Since in many parts of the world there are groups of people of varying ethnic backgrounds, we must be on our guard against isolating one ethnic group from its fellow men. There is a common belief that under modern conditions peace cannot be assured except on the basis of an equal balance of armaments and that this factor is the probable cause of this pace of armaments.
Hence every civilized community must have a ruling authority, and this authority, no less than society itself, has its source in nature, and consequently has God for its author.
But right reason, and above all Christian faith, make it clear that such an order can have no other origin but in God, a personal God, our Creator. Paul are explained thus by St. On the contrary, they occupy this place of eminence for the very reason that they have earned a reputation as outstanding members of the body politic in view of their excellent intellectual endowments and accomplishments.
This will be readily understood when one reflects that it is quite impossible for political leaders encilica lay aside their natural dignity while acting in their country’s name and in encixlica interests They are still bound by the natural law, which is the rule that governs all moral conduct, and they have no authority to depart from its slightest precepts.
The special function of this universal authority must be to evaluate and find a solution to economic, paxem, political and cultural problems which affect the universal common good.
Thou hast made all things in wisdom. Nothing must be allowed to prevent reciprocal relations between them.
Pacem in Terris
We therefore consider it Our duty as the vicar on earth of Jesus Christ—the Saviour of the world, the Teris of peace—and as interpreter of the most ardent wishes of the whole human family, in the fatherly love We bear all mankind, to beg and beseech mankind, and above all the rulers of States, to be unsparing of their labor and efforts to ensure that human affairs tdrris a rational and dignified course. In fact, men cannot by nature be superior to others since all enjoy an equal natural dignity.
In Latin In English. These principles are clearly contained in that passage in Our encyclical Mater et Magistra where We emphasized that the common good “must take account of all those social conditions which favor the full development of human personality.
One of the chief consequences of this is that they must bring their own interests into harmony with the needs of the community, and must contribute their goods and their services as civil authorities have prescribed, in accord with the norms of justice and within the limits of their competence.
For “to safeguard the inviolable rights of the human person, and to facilitate the performance of his duties, is the terrjs duty of every public authority. The amount a worker receives must be sufficient, in proportion to available funds, to allow him and his family a standard of living consistent with human dignity.
For then most citizens have an opportunity to increase their holdings without being forced to leave their native environment and seek a new home with many a heartache, and adopt a new state of affairs and make new social contacts with other citizens.
Pacem in terris – Wikipedia
Once again We exhort Our children to take an active part in public life, and to contribute towards the attainment of the common good of the entire human family as well as to that of their own country. The recent progress of science and technology, since it has profoundly influenced human conduct, is rousing men everywhere in the world to more and more cooperation and association with one another. This means that their relationships also must be harmonized in truth, in justice, in a working solidarity, in liberty.
Patrologia Graeca, 60, Hence, to quote Pope Pius XII, “The absolute order of living beings, and the very purpose of man—an autonomous being, the subject of duties and inviolable rights, and the origin and purpose of human society—have a direct bearing upon the State as a necessary community endowed with authority.
Thus all over the world men are either terdis citizens of an independent State, or are shortly to become so; nor is any nation nowadays content to submit to foreign domination. Thus, in this age which boasts of its atomic power, it no longer makes sense to maintain that war is a fit instrument with which to repair the violation of justice.