Costus afer is an evergreen Perennial growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Suitable. The stem, seeds and rhizome contain several steroidal sapogenins, of which diosgenin is the most important one. The rhizome yields % diosgenin. Costus afer is commonly used as a medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa. An infusion of the inflorescence is taken to treat tachycardia. The same infusion or.
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The control group Group 1 was normal as there was no inflammation or distortion of tissues.
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Flavour and Affr Journal 18 4: Germinates best at a temperature of 20c[ ]. These can be potted up and will grow into new plants[ ]. The methanolic leaf extract showed significant cytotoxicity[ ]. A comparison using a sequential three-solvent extraction process. Reduction in ALB and increase in TG are indications of diminished synthetic function of the liver or might be due to impaired hepatocellular function.
In southern Nigeria Costus afer and Costus lucanusianus produce zfer. In Nigeria the debarked stem is chewed to treat nausea and to quench thirst.
CS1 Swedish-language sources sv Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link from Wikidata. The rhizome decoction of Costus dubius is taken to treat epilepsy; it is also a diuretic and febrifuge.
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
The presence of bioactive compounds such as flavonoids, alkaloids, phenols, and tannins may account for the antioxidant capacity and carbohydrate hydrolyzing enzyme inhibitory activity of C. In the present study, the doses of aqueous extract of C. Int J Pharma Biosci. Table 1 Effect of Costus afer Ker Gawl leaves on the absolute and relative organ weight, feed and fluid intake.
Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Subchronic toxicity testing was conducted according to World Health Organization and Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development guidelines.
Redrawn and adapted by Achmad Satiri Nurhaman. The pulped stems taken in water are strongly diuretic. According to Nwauche et al. Spiral ginger is a very vigorous grower. Stem sap is acid and rubefacient and burns on open wounds, but it is also anodyne and healing, and is applied to different skin ailments.
Costus cosths has some value as an ornamental plant. Click on “show more” to view them. Animal care and handling The animals were used for the study were twenty male albino rats g obtained from the Department of Pharmacology Animal House, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria. All extracts showed antioxidant capacity, with hexane extracts exhibiting the best activity. Perennial, rhizomatous herb up to 4 m tall. All plant pages have their own unique code. Clinical Chemistry and Metabolic Medicine; p.
Statistical analysis Analysis using the Mann-Whitney test was carried out to examine the statistical significance of differences in the mean levels of the various parameters and biomarkers between the control and test groups using Graph Pad Prism 5.
Costus – Wikipedia
Please view the copyright link for more information. The same infusion or a rhizome infusion is taken to treat stomach complaints.
Kinetic parameters such as the Michaelis-Menten constant affinity and maximum velocity were derived from the plots. A survey of the diversity of plants utilized for small ruminant feeding in south-eastern Nigeria. Cuttings of stem sections[ ]. The methanol extract of the rhizome showed significant topical anti-inflammatory activity[ ]. A papaverine-like alkaloid is found in the rhizome which causes relaxation of smooth muscle and is anti-spasmodic, diuretic and central nervous system depressant in tests in animals.
The stem, seeds, leaves and rhizomes are harvested from the wild plant costua they contain several bioactive metabolites.
View at Google Scholar L. Phytochemical studies of C. The solution aefr then observed for colour change; the appearance of a greenish blue or purple pink colour indicated the presence of sterols or triterpenes, respectively. Orish1 and Orish Ebere Orisakwe.
These findings justify and support the use of this plant species in the treatment of diabetes. The stem, seeds and rhizome contain several steroidal sapogenins, of which diosgenin is the most important one. These inhibitory properties may be partially due to alkaloids and sesquiterpenes that were absent in the less active rhizome methanolic extract.
These values are considered as rather very high and may have serious toxicological implications. Free radicals, secreted by macrophages, T-cells, and natural killer cells as body defense, may still cause damage to -cells [ 3 ].
It is applied externally to treat a range of skin ailments; urethral discharges and venereal diseases[ ]. The liver holds a unique position in the human body due to its gastrointestinal connections and varied functions.
Costus afer – Useful Tropical Plants
Costus afer is an evergreen Perennial growing to 4 m 13ft by 4 m 13ft at a fast rate. The saponin fraction from the rhizomes and the methanolic leaf extract showed significant abortifacient activity[ ]. In Gabon the stem sap is rubbed on the body to treat colic. Plants For A Future have a number costu books available in paperback and digital form.
It also exhibits uterine relaxant activity. View at Google Scholar G.