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The Italian Supreme Court Corte di Cassazione stated that only wages established in NCBAs signed by the most representative social partners met the requirements outlined in the Constitution. The social dialogue climate did not feature any major conflicts, unlike in when the Jobs Act was implemented. NCBAs are generally renewed every two years with regard to wages, and every four years with regard to other aspects. Pursuant to Article 1 of Act no.
Italian collective bargaining is basically structured on two different levels; sectoral NCBAs are concluded for the whole Italian territory and applied to all employees of the same sector.
However, these agreements apply only to enterprises and workers who are members of bargaining social partners. Tensions came to a head in June when the ruling party, the Democratic Party PDcircumvented a referendum organised by the CGIL on voucher-based workby repealing provisions subject to the referendum intended to abrogate it, and introducing unilaterally a new, albeit more stringent, regulation.
The main obligations upon the employer are as follows:.
Living and working in Italy
Working time flexibility Working time flexibility is not regulated by law. These programmes form the basis for the European Commission’s proposals for country-specific recommendations CSRs for each Member State.
In some specific cases, additional months are envisaged. Rest and breaks In general, rest periods and breaks shall be enjoyed consecutively. Currently, this rule has not yet been applied. The most relevant are:.
In relation to JACode, the newly adopted remedial act sets forth full traceability of job vouchers. To be valid, the employment contract has to be agreed upon by both parties.
Pursuant to some NCBAs, the provisions on overtime do not apply to managers. The new system will concern not only workers excluding managers employed under indefinite contracts, but also: Either type of council can exercise the right to be informed and consulted mainly in the following cases: RSU members are chosen by workers through an election process. Recently, new paritarian institutions have been created with the aim of better supporting both workers confeserceenti employers when production levels decrease and working activity must be suspended or reduced totally in some cases.
The applicable legislation envisages new incentives for hiring people with disabilities: Peace obligation clauses have only an obligatory effect, i.
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Eurofound governing confsercenti members from Italy Eurofound’s Governing Board represents the social partners and national governments of all Member States, as well as the European Commission.
Working life in Italy Print pdf. Highlights — Working life in Authors: It is possible to distinguish between two different types of strike: Data is based on question 39d from the sixth European Working Conditions Survey Eurofound strives to strengthen the ongoing link between its own work and national policy debates and priorities related to quality of life and work.
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Even though TU is not applicable to SMEs, it may trigger, in coming years, several changes within the evolving Italian industrial relations system. Involuntary part-time Involuntary part-time workers can be defined as those working part time because they could not find a full-time job. Employees may receive various additional wage elements — for instance, additional monthly salaries 13th and 14th monthly payments.
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Furthermore, Italy has never had legislation setting up a national minimum wage. The main public institutions that have to be taken into consideration when talking about training are the Regions. Among the types of strike are: Working time regulation The provisions on working hours and overtime are included in Act no.
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The trend shows a progressive shift in terms of strength and importance from national-level union activity to the decentralised level, in which comemrcio provisions are set for employers and employees. At this level, the main items of the employment contract are established, such as minimum wage, working time, job classification, and working conditions.
Two requirements shall exist for 20011 strike to be considered lawful:. On the basis confesercemti what is laid down by TU to avoid situations of excessive prolongation of bargaining rounds, social partners agreed that the proposals for renewal must be submitted six months before the expiry of the NCBA. The number of people with disabilities who must be employed relates to the number of employees in the company, namely: All’ when asked ‘Do you have enough time to get the job done?
No further limitations exist in relation to the right to strike.