For more than 2 decades beginning in , University of Vienna anatomist Eduard Pernkopf labored on his anatomical atlas, which he published as the. The first order of business is to review these two books for what they are: an anatomical atlas. As countless others have remarked since their publication over Results 1 – 12 of 35 Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy, Vol. 2: Thorax, Abdomen and Extremities (v. 2). Oct 1, by Eduard Pernkopf and.
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Hannalore Rader, university librarian atals the University of Louisville, as a native German speaker provided expert assistance in reading the original report. Purchase access Subscribe to JN Learning for one year. He served in the military as a physician for a year during World War I.
He became assistant director inassociate professor of anatomy at the University of Vienna inprofessor inand director of the Anatomy Institute in April When he was released in he was in many ways a broken and dispirited man, but returned to the university, stripped of all titles, to resume work on his atlas. They signaled this through the use of Nazi symbols in their work for the atlas.
Hans Hoffa Jewish physician who had left the Vienna faculty ingave him two rooms at the school’s neurological institute. Israel directed a request to the University of Vienna to investigate the issue. This document states that preservation and replacement efforts should ensure that balance in library materials is maintained and that controversial materials are not removed from the collections through theft, loss, mutilation, or normal wear and tear.
The request from Yad Vashem at,as initially denied; but the issue did not end.
He and his new editors began by swearing undying allegiance to the new Reich and promising that the journal would serve the fatherland [ 3 ]. While few have disputed the accuracy, artistic, or educational value of the Pernkopf atlas, some have argued that the use of such subjects violates standards of medical ethics involving eprnkopf and degrading treatment of subjects or disrespect of a human corpse.
Nazi Origins of an Anatomy Text: Like Pernkopf, the four artists were also members of the Nazi Party and committed to its goals. The two-volume English-language edition included the original signatures including the Nazi symbols.
Jernigan was a convicted murderer. Discover Prime Book Box for Kids. A core tenet of medical librarianship is freedom of access to information. This has lead to an atlqs to pull the books from use and even to consign them to flames.
What should we do about Eduard Pernkopf’s atlas?
After many years of surgey, dissection and autopsies, my impression of Pernkopf’s atlas is that it might well have been lovingly executed by the very designer of the bodies it depicts. The piece that really sparked the current controversy about the Pernkopf atlas was a letter to the pernkop of JAMA in Pernkoof signed by a professor of dental surgery from Columbia University and a professor of family and community medicine from the University of Toronto [ 11 ]. Pernkopf received his medical degree in There’s a problem loading this menu right now.
Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers. The precise origins of the cadavers used in Pernkopf’s work are unknown, but evidence suggests they may have been victims of political terror. He required medical faculty to declare their ethnic lineage as either “Aryan” or “non-Aryan” and swear loyalty to Perkopf leader Adolf Hitler.
He also served as a physician for one year during World War I. It was on this basis that medical libraries across the United States retain their copies of the Pernkopf atlas.
What should we do about Eduard Pernkopf’s atlas?
Second, it is absolutely essential pern,opf the authors and their heirs, institutional or pernoopf, in no way profit from the work.
No stigma is attached to touring the blood soaked temples of the Maya or the Aztecs, to traveling on roads or living in buildings produced by slave labor that resulted in staggering misery, morbidity and mortality. The University of Vienna, once among the premier medical schools of Europe, lost of its faculty members, including 3 Nobel laureates. This resulted in the establishment of the Senatorial Project of the University of Vienna “Studies in Anatomical Science in Vienna from to ”  in On the other hand, “There can be no doubt that Pernkopf, as head of the Anatomy Institute, was instrumental in the procurement of the bodies of the victims of Atlxs terror for dissection, and ultimately, for the creation of his Atlas,” argues Pieter Carstens, a professor of public law at the University of Pretoria .
His identity has been widely known and reported [ 60 ]. The Declaration of Helsinki of clearly states: How can something so beautiful at the same time be so utterly despicable? His first action in his capacity as dean of the medical school at the University of Vienna, Pernkopf expelled all Jews from the faculty — of the faculty members, among them, three Nobel Laureates.
Pernkopf’s first issue included his plans for his journal. Library bill of rights. Some of these were deported to concentration camps like Theresienstadt and Dachau, in which only a few survived. It is well known that some of the artists who painted the illustrations for the Pernkopf atlas were themselves active and loyal members of the National Socialist Party in Austria.
A Batke illustration edition, volume 3, Figure 9, tafels 3 and 4, opposite page 44 showed a cadaver with very short hair; cadavers used in anatomy books usually had completely shaved heads. English Choose a language for shopping. The Pernopf doctors and the Nuremberg Code: Israel noted that there was no indication to the unsuspecting user that the book had any link to Nazi medicine, and he viewed suppression of the work as inappropriate and reminiscent of the book burnings that took place in Nazi Germany.
The first order of business is to review these two books for what they are: