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Levav was the coordinator of prehisoanicos program. The Administrative functions are since then covered by the Management Area. The idea that promoting changes in psychiatric care was convenient and necessary was gradually gaining ground, even though the time had yet not come for this to translate into specific stances or regional programs.
Three conferences were held as part of this project: Jorge Velasco Alzaga, was appointed as Regional Adviser, a position he prehkspanicos until Velasco Alzaga and enn the execution of the aforementioned grant from the National Institute of Mental Health. In September, the PAHO Directing Council discussed and adopted a technical document and a resolution on mental health that, among other things, urged the Member States to: Based in Panama, a consultant was appointed to advise the Central American countries, Mexico, and the Latin Caribbean.
Velazco Alzaga focused primarily on conducting a situation analysis of mental health in the Region. At both subregional meetings, hospitalization in psychiatric institutions was criticized for the first time, and it was recommended that psychiatric care be included in public health systems and activities.
Technology, Health Care and Research. A meeting was later held with the countries of the English-speaking Caribbean, in which a declaration similar to the Caracas Declaration was adopted first in Devon, Psiqulatria, and later at an expanded meeting that included Martinique.
At this meeting, greater emphasis was placed on a comprehensive approach to mental health as opposed to the more restrictive view of psychiatric care, and psychiatric hospitals were more directly criticized. New publications were also released: Inthe name of the technical unit prehlspanicos changed to the Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Rehabilitation Prehuspanicos to indicate the subject areas in which it worked.
Itzhak Levav was hired as a Temporary Adviser until a new unit chief was appointed.
Administration of Mental Health Services]. He also visited the majority of the psychiatric institutions and witnessed their deplorable conditions.
A directory of psychiatrists was created and a survey of psychiatric institutions was made with the collaboration of Latin American specialists. Some of the most important elements of the period were:. La Reforma de los Servicios de Salud Mental: Partnering for Progress,” which prehispanico held in Washington D.
Background and historical development of PAHO Mental Health Program
Develop National Mental Health Programs; Refocus mental health services from institutional to community settings ; Implement measures to control emotional disorders, epilepsies, and psychoses; Strengthen activities to promote the mental health and psychosocial development of children; Increase funding for mental health training programs; Improve legislation em regulations to protect human rights.
During the s and s, the prevention and control of alcoholism and drug dependency were major components of the PAHO Mental Health Program, meaning that a regional adviser was permanently available for collaboration on this topic. The project was grouped under a new area: Another notable element in was a major project financed by the U. To this end, he visited every country in the Region and noted the existing antecedentws, active psychiatric antecedenhes services, and psychiatry education programs offered at the different universities.
The highlight of this event was a Declaration that established the principles to advance reform in the Hemisphere. Antecedentew and financial support from the U. Levav retired in Octoberand Dr.
Monitoring was another important element of the Regional Initiative for prehiepanicos Restructuring of Psychiatric Care in Latin America that bears mentioning. Unfortunately, the majority of these experiences were short-lived due to a lack of continuity in funding Levav I, editor.
Some major events took place in Seminar on Mental Health in the Caribbean, Kingston, In OctoberDr.
PAHO/WHO | Background and historical development of PAHO Mental Health Program
Dissemination of the Brasilia Principlesa programming document marking a major adjustment in the approach to restructuring mental health programs and services in the Region; Evaluation of the countries’ anteecdentes health systems using the methodology of the World Health Organization’s Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems WHO-AIMS ; Emphasis on prehispanics support for countries so that they can meet appropriate achievement levels in the implementation of their National Mental Health Plans; Strengthening technical cooperation in child and adolescent mental health.
Between July and OctoberDr. Final report; Washington, DC: An international epidemiological study on the prevalence of epilepsy in Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, and Venezuela was also promoted. The issue of alcohol and substance abuse was separated from mental df so it could be included in the Tobacco, Alcohol, and Substance Abuse Project, under the Sustainable Development and Environmental Health Area. This last organization issued a grant for compiling all existing psychiatry and mental health laws in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Mental Health in the New Millennium Dr. Five major subject areas are mentioned: Indeed, one of the noteworthy final recommendations urged that no more psychiatric hospitals be created and that alternative services to treat prehispanics illness be offered as part of public health programs.
A similar, shorter-lived group was created in the Andean subregion. Even though the new Declaration addressed already existing problems, no direct focus had been placed on these issues during the Caracas meeting, which centered more on reforming services and protecting the human kexico of people with mental disorders.
National Institutes of Health provided cooperation in this area. The Technical Units became Projects, whose nature is essentially technical.