connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.
|Published (Last):||3 June 2006|
|PDF File Size:||8.9 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||19.12 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
When the Muslims built a world empire and actual needs arose, they tackled all these issues and tried to reach definite conclusions on all of them in the light of Quran and the Sunnah. Ppolitical flimsy emphasis on the Qurayshite descent is a formidable hit on the claims of Fatimids. This money should not be expended with extravagance or stinginess, and must not be either pre-paid or delayed.
Imam mau be deposed if: The imam can appoint the Electoral college as well as the persons who may contest for the Imamate. Like other Muslims he received the traditional education, and he wrote on many topics besides law, like, a Commentary on the Quran, a treatise on prophecy and several works on Ethics.
He does not elaborate a detailed theory of rebellion, nor discusses the fundamental rights of man. Therefore, he presents his theory of imamate popitical the limits of Shariah. Internet URLs are the best. Integrity of physical senses 4. Only a small portion of the work is, however, devoted to political theory, the rest of it discusses the details of public administration and rules of government. And I should have asked him whether the Ansars were entitled to any share in political power.
H and the Uli-al-Amr from amongst you. The only authority above him is imam.
Political science: Al-Mawardi
A closer examination of his work, however, discloses that he is not a mere recorder of facts handed down pplitical him but a shrewd statesman and diplomat. It is the clearest example of despotism and totalitarianism.
The electoral college shall consist of persons with the special qualifications: Anonymous 7 December at Al-Mawardi, however, does not discuss the election of a licentious person as Imam. He counts five major responsibilities of the commander.
Chapter 36: Al-Mawardi
But when Abbasids came into power, it signaled the victory of the State polity over religious ideology. But the second has had a profound bearing on the course of Muslim history. Those who recognize the absolute authority of the Caliph as Head of the Muslim nation naturally concede him the right, in his capacity as ruler, to appoint a successor.
The Imam may be addressed as the Khalifa-tu-Allah, but the majority of jurists say that this title is forbidden, for no human mawarvi can represent God on Earth, since man is mortal and imperfect.
Contact our editors with your feedback.
Al-Mawardi after studying history concludes that the forty years of Pious Caliphate represented the Islamic democracy. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Thank You for Your Contribution! They however, took pains to preserve ploitical original pattern of succession b y nomination and limited election within the House of Umayyad.
Al-Mawardi – Wikipedia
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Seventhly, he should have perfect heatinf and seeing capabilities.
The maintenance of law and order in the country to make it possible for the people to lead a peaceful life, proceed in their economic activities freely, and travel in the land without fear. Imam is a natural need mwaardi a state to organize the society and to solve mutual differences. Al-Mawardi did not elaborate a theory of rebellion and if he wanted to propound a theory, he could have found abundant sanction for it in early thought and practice. The Holy Quran aims at creating an ideal society in which good predominantly prevails over evil and in which the laws of God are generally practiced and obeyed.
The caliph is to consult him in state administration. Such a person is called imam or sovereign.
Qurayshite descent Rosenthal is of the view that the Caliph be physically and mentally fit to discharge his duties as ruler, and he must possess courage and determination to protect the territory of Islam and wage holy war against its enemies and against infidels. Although Al-Mawardi was not a political philosopher theroy he did not the basics of the constitution but his theory of caliphate is of prime importance.
Edinburgh Research Archive
The Imam is bound to be the covenant of God to establish the supremacy of Islam over all other religions and faith. The mention of authority in this passage refers to the Caliph, especially because al-Mawardi had been raised to the high office of Aqda al-Qudat2 and represented the Caliph in his negotiations with the Buwaihids.
Perhaps the name ‘wazir’ was not in early use but in practive the office had existence. When all hd come, a public assembly was held where the Caliph delivered one of the most important addresses of his life.
Mawardi is to describe the qualification of the voters. Is it specific for mawarxi particular family or race? Al-Mawardi, therefore, found no difficulty in taking his cue from the prevailing ideas of politicl time. To compensate this irretrievable position he instituted the theory of absolute governorship which provided a handy instrument of self-protection to the Abbasid Caliphs against the attempt of possible adventurers who aspired to overthrow the Caliphate. A candidate for this office should have the following qualities: The practice of putting out the eyes with hot iron to prevent a person from wearing the imperial purple was undoubtedly borrowed theogy the Byzantine Empire; the opinion of the Muslim jurists on the issue, however, gave it an added importance as an instrument of tyranny in Oriental lands.
The Muslims without any tinge of resentment or cause of rivalry accepted Umer as the next Caliph not on the suggestion of Abu Bakr but in obedience to his order as Caliph. Al-Mawardi says that Wazarat is of two kinds: Growing up he was xl to learn Fiqh Islamic Jurisprudence from Abu al-Wahid al-Simari and subsequently took up his residence in Baghdad.
Al-Mawardi has left a great and valuable treasure of knowledge and philosophy. It will secure his service this enabling poiltical to decide without any fear or pressure. Al-Mawardi was a well known judge of Baghdad.
In an Islamic state, the ministers must be Muslims. A cruel person is neither in position to give rights to his people now can protect their rights.