068 PANDU 01 15 PDF

Published by on December 24, 2019
Categories: Software

NEERUKONDA RAVI. RAMA RAO. T. SECOND .. MED. NAME: SECOND YEAR. THIRD YEAR. 01 — NAGANABOYINA PANDU RANGA. S. Pandurangam, D. Pandya, P. Pankratov, A. K. ,01 1 Pankratov, A. V. Pankratov, B Panov, K. 15 17 Papapetrou, . 28, MH/SAY01, KALU MAHADU MENGAL, CENTRAL . 63, MH/SAY01, TANHAJI PANDU PATHAVE, STATE BANK OF.

Author: Shakall Dam
Country: Hungary
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Finance
Published (Last): 26 July 2014
Pages: 34
PDF File Size: 14.4 Mb
ePub File Size: 14.33 Mb
ISBN: 846-2-18281-732-6
Downloads: 92495
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Gardam

An army consisted of four main divisions; an elephant corps, cavalry, chariots and infantry.

Mahasen destroyed several Hindu temples during his reign in the 2nd century. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A Concise History of Ceylon.

Anuradhapura Kingdom

Typical layout of the tank, settlements and paddy fields in a traditional dry zone village. Single combat between the opposing kings or commanders, mounted on elephants, often decided the outcome of the battle.

The stupa of Thuparamayabuilt by Devanampiya Tissa, is one of the earliest built and was constructed immediately after the arrival of Buddhism. South Indian mercenaries were often employed in the armies of the Anuradhapura Padnu during its latter stages. RajarataMalaya Rata and Ruhunathe three sections the country was divided into, are also shown. Several invasions have been made against the Anuradhapura Kingdom, all of which were launched from South India.

There were a number of them in Rajarata during Elara’s reign. Irrigation and Water Management in Asia.

Anuradhapura Kingdom – Wikipedia

Buildings were constructed using timber, bricks and stones. Statue making, most noticeably statues of the Buddhawas an art perfected by the Sri Lankan sculptors during the Anuradhapura Kingdom. The Tooth Relic of the Buddha soon became one of the most sacred objects in the country, and a symbol of kingship. Rulers sponsored Theravada and often took steps to stop the spreading of Mahayana beliefs.


The Rulers of Sri Lanka. Most of these verses are describing or even addressed to the female figures depicted in the frescoes of Sigiriya. During the times of Vasabha, Mahasena — and Dhatusena, the construction of large irrigation tanks and canals was given priority. One of these was established by Anuradha, a minister of King Vijaya, on the banks of a stream called Kolon and was named Anuradhagama.

Notable standing Buddha statues dating from the Anuradhapura period include the ones at AvukanaMaligavila and Buduruvagala. Only three Sinhala books survive from the Anuradhapura period. Skill in arts was a respected and valued trait during this period and artists were well rewarded by the rulers.

Houses stood immediately below the reservoir embankment, between the water and the paddy fields below. The Story of Anuradhapura.

However, none of these invaders could extend their rule to Ruhunathe southern part of the country, and Sri Lankan rulers and their heirs always organized their armies from this area and managed to regain their throne.

It further mentions that his army rose against him due to lack of wages. The major ports and towns panvu Sri Lanka during the Anuradhapura period. Specific laws 08 eventually developed and adopted. Siegesoften lasting several months, were common during warfare.

The Springs of Sinhala Civilization. The chief judicial officer was known as viniccayamacca and there were several judicial officers under him, known as vinicchayaka. Vasabha constructed 11 tanks and 12 canals, [21] Mahasen constructed 16 tanks and a large canal, [22] and Dhatusena built 18 tanks. In areas of high rainfall, a perennial watercourse often took the place of the reservoir.


Named the Moriya dynasty, the origins of this line are uncertain although some historians trace them to Shakya princes who accompanied the sapling of the Sri Maha Bodhi to Sri Lanka. However, crimes such as treason, murder and slaughter of cattle were generally punishable by death. Founded by King Pandukabhaya in BC, the kingdom’s authority extended throughout the country, although several independent areas emerged from time to time, which grew more numerous towards the end of the kingdom.

These constructions are an indication of the advanced technical and engineering skills used to create them. Large ponds were attached to some pwndu, such as the Kuttam Pokuna twin pond.

During the final years of the Anuradhapura Kingdom, rebellions sprang up and the authority of the kings gradually declined. By the end of the Anuradhapura Kingdom, a large and intricate irrigation network was available throughout Rajarata to support the agriculture of the country. The monks often advised and even guided the king on decisions. The primary goods exported during the Anuradhapura period are gemstonesspicespearls and elephantswhile ceramic waresilksperfumes and wines were imported from other countries.

The construction of this network is also attributed to Dhatusena.

Metalwork was an important and well-developed craft, and metal tools such as axes, mammoties and hoes were widely used. Two different techniques were used in construction; one method involved making an embankment using natural rock formations across a valley and the other involved diverting water courses through constructed canals to reservoirs.